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IELTS Speaking: Dạng Câu Hỏi Part 3 Và Functional Language

Trong phần thi IELTS Speaking Part 3, giám khảo sẽ hỏi bạn một loạt các câu hỏi sâu hơn và phức tạp hơn so với các phần trước đó. Các câu hỏi này thường liên quan đến chủ đề đã được thảo luận trong Part 2 và có thể yêu cầu bạn phải diễn giải, so sánh, thảo luận về các ý tưởng trừu tượng và đưa ra quan điểm cá nhân. Trong bài viết này, IPPEDU sẽ đưa ra một số dạng câu hỏi thường gặp trong phần thi này cùng với ngôn ngữ chức năng (functional language) phù hợp để trả lời từng dạng câu hỏi nhé!

IELTS Speaking: Dạng Câu Hỏi Part 3 Và Functional Language

1. Chủ đề IELTS Speaking: Opinion (Ý kiến cá nhân)

Dạng câu hỏi:

  • What do you think about…?
  • Do you think that…?
  • How do you feel about…?

Functional Language:

  • Giving an opinion: In my opinion, I believe that…
  • Explaining why: This is because…
  • Comparing: On the one hand,… but on the other hand,…
  • Giving examples: For instance, for example…

Câu hỏi và câu trả lời ví dụ: 

What do you think about the impact of social media on society?

Well, in my opinion, social media has both positive and negative effects on our lives. On the one hand, it enables people to stay connected with their family and friends as they can easily reach out and send text messages or make video calls. On a more societal level, it can be a helpful tool to spread information far and wide. You can see this during the Covid-19 pandemic when people could stay up-to-speed with how  dire the situation was. That being said, I would contend that there are also detrimental impacts that social networking sites bring out. For one, there’s a newly emerging practice of doom-scrolling, which refers to the act of mindlessly scrolling over posts on these platforms. This proves harmful to people’s attention span as they switch their focus from one thing to another within a short time. Besides, people are no longer motivated to meet in person in favor of virtual communication for its convenience. This will gradually wear out the precious bonds between friends and family members,  and eventually cause relationship breakdowns. 

2. Chủ đề IELTS Speaking: Cause and Effect (Nguyên nhân và hệ quả)

Dạng câu hỏi:

  • Why do you think… happens?
  • What are the reasons for…?
  • What effect does… have on…?

Functional Language:

  • Explaining causes: One reason for this is…, This might be due to…
  • Explaining effects: As a result, Consequently, Therefore…
  • Speculating: It could be because…, Perhaps it’s because…

Câu hỏi: Why do you think people are becoming more health-conscious these days?

Well, I believe one reason for this is the increasing awareness about the benefits of a healthy lifestyle. School and government are putting efforts in propagandizing a healthy lifestyle by incorporating health subjects like Nutrition and Physical Exercise. Additionally, in the aftermath of the Covid-19 pandemic, people  have come to treasure their physical and mental wellness more. So it’s par for the course that people are more inclined to exercise regularly and eat nutritious foods.

3. Chủ đề IELTS Speaking: Comparing and Contrasting (So sánh và đối chiếu)

Dạng câu hỏi:

  • What are the differences between… and…?
  • How does… compare to…?

Functional Language:

  • Highlighting differences: One major difference is…, Unlike…, On the contrary…
  • Highlighting similarities: Similarly, In the same way, Likewise…
  • Balancing both sides: While it is true that…, however,…

Câu hỏi: What are the differences between online education and traditional classroom education?

One major difference is the flexibility that online education offers, as students can learn at their own pace. Unlike traditional classroom education, which requires physical attendance at specific times, online education can be accessed from anywhere. However, traditional education provides more direct interaction with teachers and classmates, which can enhance the learning experience.

4.Chủ đề IELTS Speaking: Predictions and Future (Dự đoán và tương lai)

Dạng câu hỏi:

  • What do you think will happen in the future regarding…?
  • How do you think… will change in the next 10 years?

Functional Language:

  • Predicting: I think it’s likely that…, I would imagine that…, In the future, I believe…
  • Giving reasons for predictions: This is because…, Due to…, As a result of…

Câu hỏi: How do you think the job market will change in the next 10 years?

 I think it’s likely that the job market will see a significant increase in demand for tech-related skills. This is because technology continues to evolve rapidly, and many industries are becoming more digitalized. Consequently, jobs in fields like artificial intelligence and data science will probably become more prevalent.

5.Chủ đề IELTS Speaking: Advantages and Disadvantages (Ưu điểm và nhược điểm)

Dạng câu hỏi:

  • What are the advantages of…?
  • Are there any disadvantages to…?

Functional Language:

  • Listing advantages: One advantage is…, Another benefit is…
  • Listing disadvantages: However, a drawback is…, One negative aspect is…
  • Balancing pros and cons: Although there are some benefits, there are also drawbacks…

Câu hỏi: What are the advantages and disadvantages of working from home?

One advantage of working from home is the flexibility it provides, allowing people to balance work and personal life more effectively. Another benefit is the reduction in commuting time, which can save money and reduce stress. However, a drawback is the potential for isolation and the lack of social interaction with colleagues, which can affect team dynamics and creativity.

6.Chủ đề IELTS Speaking: Solutions and Recommendations (Giải pháp và khuyến nghị) 

Dạng câu hỏi:

  • What could be done to improve…?
  • How can… be solved?

Functional Language:

  • Suggesting solutions: One way to address this is…, A possible solution could be…
  • Giving recommendations: I would recommend…, It might be helpful to…
  • Explaining feasibility: This could work because…, However, this might not be practical due to…

Câu hỏi: What could be done to reduce traffic congestion in cities?

One way to address this is by improving public transportation systems, making them more reliable and accessible. A possible solution could be to implement carpooling incentives to reduce the number of vehicles on the road. Additionally, encouraging the use of bicycles and creating dedicated bike lanes could also help alleviate traffic congestion.

7.Chủ đề IELTS Speaking: Hypothetical (Giả định)

Dạng câu hỏi:

  • If… happened, what would you do?
  • What would the world be like if…?

Functional Language:

  • Speculating: If I were in that situation, I would…, Assuming that…, In a hypothetical scenario…
  • Considering outcomes: This would mean that…, As a result, we might see… 

Câu hỏi: If you were in charge of your city, what changes would you implement to improve it?

 If I were in that situation, I would prioritize developing green spaces and parks to improve the quality of life for residents. Assuming that the budget allows, I would also invest in renewable energy sources to make the city more sustainable. In a hypothetical scenario where resources are abundant, I would focus on enhancing public transportation to reduce traffic and pollution.

8.Chủ đề IELTS Speaking: Describing Changes (Mô tả thay đổi)

Dạng câu hỏi:

  • How has… changed over the years?
  • What are the major changes in…?

Functional Language:

  • Describing past and present: In the past,… but now…, Over the years,…
  • Explaining the impact of changes: This change has led to…, As a result of these changes…

Câu hỏi:  How has communication changed over the years?

In the past, communication was primarily done through face-to-face interactions and written letters. But now, with the advent of technology, people can communicate instantly via emails, social media, and messaging apps. Over the years, these changes have led to a more connected world, where information can be shared in real-time, bridging distances and fostering global relationships.

Nhớ rằng, để trả lời tốt trong phần thi này, bạn nên luyện tập sử dụng các cấu trúc câu trên và phát triển khả năng suy nghĩ và trả lời một cách mạch lạc và logic.


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